Gandhi Jayanti:Mahatma Gandhi Jayanti in India
Gandhi Jayanti is celebrated as a National Holiday in India to mark the birthday of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, the ‘Father of the Nation‘. He was born on 2nd October 1869; therefore every year Gandhi Jayanti is celebrate on this day. It is observe in all states and union area of India as one of the three official declare National Holidays of India.
The birthday of the Mahatma Gandhi is celebrate in India each year by the name Gandhi Jayanti or Mahatma Gandhi Jayanti. It falls yearly on 2nd of October when there is a periodical holiday all over the India. On second of October a great person Mahatma Gandhi was born in the year 1869 at Porbandar in the Gujarat to the Karamchand Gandhi and Putlibai. Mahatma Gandhi is also known as Bapu in India for his enduring contributions and struggle for the freedom of Indian. All the Government offices, banks, schools, colleges, post offices and etc are closed on 2nd of October. Some of the Businesses and organizations are open for small hours to celebrate the day.
On October 2nd every year the nation pays homage to “Bapu” otherwise also known as the “Father of the Nation” who played a significant role in Indian Independence. Mohandas Karamachand Gandhi also referred as ‘Gandhiji’ was an archetypal figure in India and around the globe for his unique practices of non-violence or ahimsa. He believed in the power of non-violence and in the philosophy of truth known as “Satyagraha” and adopted these acceptance in his leadership that helped in achieving India’s Independence.
With his strong philosophy on non-violence and truth he proved the world that the path ahead may not be the easy, but it is certainly the most active methods of achieving the goals. It was this belief that got him notice and acknowledge by historians as one of the greatest freedom fighters that the world had ever seen. As such, India observes a national holiday on this day to pay admiration to this great soul.
Besides his distribution towards the country of freedom struggle, Gandhi will always be remembered around the globe for his original ideologies that inspired many great leaders, such as Martin Luther King, James Lawson, Nelson Mandela, all of whom drew inspiration from Gandhi’s non-violence theory.
When Gandhi was in South Africa during the 1890’s, he was subject to the injustice of the colonial imperialism in the nation. He was a victim of racial bigotry and social bigotry that plagued the nation that had not only jolt him, but also led to his social advocacy. In 1894, he was responsible for forming the Natal Indian Congress in South Africa with the help of the Indian community which later, molded into a strong political party in the country.
In 1906 when his political members keeping a peaceful protest were subject to harsh and violent treatment by the local government, he formed the idea of “Satyagraha”, meaning the force of truth. When he left for India, Gandhi witnessed similar treatment in the country and carried out his work to help protest against the dominance of the British Raj. In the years to come his non-violence principle was bystander, first in 1920 when the Non-Cooperation Movement took place and later seen in the Dandi March in 1930 as well as in the The Quit India Movement.
Gandhi may have not been a martyr in the true sense but he apply his entire life to attain freedom by resisting violence. Thus, Gandhi Jayanthi is an very important day for all Indians.
Mahatma Gandhi was a man with simple tastes and values. With keeping that in mind and giving him full honour and respect the festivities on this day are very less.
The President and the Prime Minister, along with other political leaders, pay homage at Raj Ghat, the Samadhi of Mahatma Gandhi in New Delhi. To honour Gandhi’s respect for all religions and communities, representatives from different religions take part in the prayer meeting held at Raj Ghat. Prayers and Verses are read out from Holy books of all religions. Mahatma Gandhi’s favourite song ‘Raghupati Raghava‘ is customarily sung at all meetings associated with him.
Gandhi Jayanti is celebrate all over the country and in both government and non-government organizations. Since it is a national holiday all schools, colleges and offices all over the country remain close.
Gandhi Jayanti is celebrate each year on October 2nd in India. The day has been declare as a national holiday. Schools, colleges, offices and institutions remain close on this day. Lately, October 2nd has also been honor as the International Day of Non- Violence by United Nations General Assembly (UNGA). The idea was first fertilize by Nobel laureate Shirin Ebadi, before it was accept by the Indian National Congress and the United Nation.
Gandhi Jayanti Celebration in Schools
Grand celebration events are organize by the big schools in India to celebrate the Gandhi Jayanti at 2nd of October each year. Students of schools carefully take part in the Gandhi Jayanti event celebrations. Gandhi Jayanti, a birthday anniversary of the Mahatma Gandhi is also celebrate as the International Peace Day all across the world. Students sing a song based on the truth and non violence message of Bapu, recite poems and present their own sights on the Gandhian philosophy by the speeches and narration.
Small children celebrate this event by dressing up same as the Gandhiji as well as performing the nationalistic songs. Students also take part in the rally using banners which conveys the significance of peace and non-violence throughout the country. In the end of the celebration, students and teachers take a agreement.
How it is Celebrated
- People in India celebrate the birthday anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi every and each year on 2nd of October by including the following events:
- People perform the prayer services, memorial ceremonies and homage all over the India.
- Exhibitions of art, science and competitions of essay held.
- Awards presentations take place in order to promote the living of non-violent life.
- People used of seeing the films and reading the books related to the achievements and life struggle of the Mahatma Gandhi.
- People at many places in India like schools, colleges used to sing the famous religious song of the Bapu “Raghupati Raghava Raja Ram”.
- Garlands of beautiful flowers are place on the statues of Mahatma Gandhi all through the India by the people.
- Some people avoid taking food and alcohol at this day.
Some Famous Quotes of Bapu (Mahatma Gandhi)
- “Whenever you are confront with an opponent. Conquer him with love.”
- “Ahimsa means not to batter any creature by thought, word or deed, not even to the supposed advantage of this creature.”
- “Where there is love there is life.”
- “I like your Christ, I do not like your Christians. Your Christians are so unlike your Christ.”
- “First they ignore you, then they laugh at you, then they fight you, then you win.”
- “I claim no perfection for myself. But I do claim to be a ardent seeker after Truth, which is but another name for God.”
- “I have nothing new to teach the world. Truth and non-violence are as old as the hills. All I have done is to try experiments in both on as big a scale as I could.”
- “The weak can never forgive. Forgiveness is the attribute of the strong.”
- “An eye for an eye only ends up making the whole world blind.”
- “You must be the change you wish to watch in the world.”
- “Happiness is when what you think, what you say, and what you do are in conformity.”
- “An eye for an eye only ends up making the whole world blind.”
- “Bankruptcy is but the worst form of violence.”
- “Live as if you were to die tomorrow. Learn as if you were to live forever.”
Importance of Mahatma Gandhi
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was born on 2nd October 1869 A.D. in Porbandar of Gujarat (1869-1948). Just after passing Barristership from London in 1883 A.D., he had to rush to South Africa to plead a case on side of ‘Dada Abdullah and Co.’ in 1897 A.D.
At this time, he observed the exploitation and oppression towards the Negros by the Whites and formed ‘Natal Indian National Congress’ to protest it. The non-violent Satyagraha movement of Mahatma gandhi had a very significant impact worldwide.
Gandhiji accept the non-violence ideology and his first lesson in politics started in the South Africa. After that he had to come back to India due to First World War (1914-18) A.D.) as per the international law. The period from 1915 A.D. to 1948 A.D. in Indian politics is called “Gandhi Era”. This is the very important period in Indian History.
Gandhiji had very great impact on Indian politics while the Home Rule Movement was continuing on the other side.
He developed the regional movements in Kheda and Champaran in Gujrat.
He formed ‘Mazdur Mahajan Sabha’ for making movements against the mill owners of Ahmedabad for fixing the working time of the workers to 8 hours a day. Besides this, the wages were also increase by 35%, revenue taxes were also decrease in the case of the farmers of Kheda.
For the interest of the indigo farmers in Champaran they were allot 3 Kattahs of land each for indigo cultivation. Besides this the price of the indigo was also raised by 25%.
Gandhiji successfully applied his ideology of Satyagraha experimentally by giving his leadership in the regional movements. So, many other important personalities like J.B. Kripalani, Mahadev Desai, Rajendra Prasad, Vallabhbhai Patel etc. also joined him.
Why Mahatma Gandhi is a Role Model?
Mahatma Gandhi is a role model not only amid Indians, but he is among the most admired global personalities of all time.
Gandhiji lived and worked with and for the ill housed ill clothed and underfed millions of Indians. He lost himself in the horde in such a way as if he was one with them.
His clothing style was very simple. The loin cloth round the body, the wooden sandal on the feet, the bifocals on the nose and the watch were perhaps the few things which were enough for this person whether he was in his cottage pondering on God or in Birla House attending his Prarthana Sabha or in England attending a Round Table Conference.
The man, who was the son of a Diwan and had accomplished at the Bar living in England for a number of years, was not ashamed of such a very simple life, and rather on the contrary, was proud of it because in such a dress he was representing his India which was residing in villages.
Before participating in the politics of India, Mahatma Gandhi had his experience in South Africa. The Indian in that part of Africa were treated very harshly by the Whites. Incidentally, Gandhiji was involved in their politics, and within a few years, he became their undisputed leader.
Gandhi gave the lead in Indian politics when it was most need.
When he came to India, embellished with the experience of South Africa, he had the stalwarts like Gokhale and Tilak who were the spokesmen of the people. Gandhiji wanted to take part in the national movement but he was not fully abreast with the situation here. He was advise to take an extensive tour of the country to inform himself of the prevailing conditions in various parts of the country. This tour actually helpe him because he was shocked to find that millions of people were living below human standard. The misery of the peasants specially appeal to his sense of humanity and, therefore, he decide to throw in his lot with those teeming millions who were forming the real population of the country.
Gandhiji has given his early career in his autobiography, and from there we can conclude that, from the very beginning, he was a religious mind fellow.
Mahatma Gandhi never act against his conscience whatever are the circumstances. He refused to take off his turban when he was ordered to do so by a Magistrate in South Africa. A man of ordinary morality could have never gathered the courage to show this boldness at various stages of his life. Hence, Mahatma Gandhi is a role model.
Gandhi was a believer of Ahimsa and non-violence.
Non-injury to any form of life was the creed of his life, and he was not ready to sacrifice it even during his political career. The ammunition of Satyagraha was to him nothing but recognition of God and his attribute of love. He refused to be violent in animosity of many provocations. When a fanatic Afghan tried to harm him, he was bolt enough to forgive the fellow because he was a fool who could not analyze between just and unjust.
He forgave the man who threw a bomb at his prayer meeting at Delhi because the fellow was a mad man and could not judge his action according to his conscience. He according to all estimate, would have been the last man to see Godse penalized had he survived the fatal attack. Thus, he was a believer of non-violence to the core.
Gandhi and Indian Independence
After 21 years in South Africa, Gandhi returned to India in 1915. He became the leader of the Indian nationalist movement campaigning for home rule or Swaraj.
Gandhi successfully instigated a series of non-violent protest. This included national strikes for one or two days. The British sought to ban opposition, but the nature of non-violent protest and strikes made it difficult to counter.
Gandhi also aided his followers to practice inner discipline to get ready for independence. Gandhi said the Indians had to prove they were deserving of independence. This is in contrast to independence leaders such as Aurobindo Ghose, who argued that Indian independence was not about whether India would offer better or worse government, but that it was the right for India to have self government.
Gandhi also argument with others in the Indian independence movement such as Subhas Chandra Bose who advocated direct action to overthrow the British.
Gandhi frequently call off strikes and non-violent protest if he heard people were rioting or violence was involve.
In 1930, Gandhi led a very famous march to the sea in protest at the new Salt Acts. In the sea they made their own salt, in violation of British rules. Many hundreds were arrested and Indian jails were full of Indian independence followers.
However, whilst the campaign was at its peak some Indian protesters kill some British civilians, and as a result Gandhi call off the independence movement saying that India was not ready. This broke the heart of many Indians committed to independence. It led to radicals like Bhagat Singh carrying on the campaign for independence, which was particularly strong in Bengal.
Mahatma Gandhi Quotes
“In a gentle way, you can shake the world”
“There are people in the world so hungry, that God cannot appear to them except in the form of bread.”
“Each night, when I go to sleep, I die. And the next morning, when I wake up, I am reborn.”
“A man is but the product of his thoughts. What he thinks, he becomes.”
“Freedom is not worth having if it does not include the freedom to make mistakes.”
“When I despair, I remember that all through history the way of truth and love have always won. There have been tyrants and murderers, and for a time, they can seem invincible, but in the end, they always fall. Think of it–always.”
“Glory lies in the attempt to reach one’s goal and not in reaching it.”
“Let the first act of every morning be to make the following resolve for the day.”
“See the good in people and help them.”
“Earth provides enough to satisfy every man’s needs, but not every man’s greed.”
“Happiness is when what you think, what you say, and what you do are in harmony.”
“The weak can never forgive. Forgiveness is an attribute of the strong.”
“What difference does it make to the dead, the orphans and the homeless, whether the mad destruction is wrought under the name of totalitarianism or in the holy name of liberty or democracy?”
“Change yourself – you are in control.”
“The best way to find yourself is to lose yourself in the service of others.”
“I like your Christ, I do not like your Christians. Your Christians are so unlike your Christ.”
“You must not lose faith in humanity. Humanity is like an ocean; if a few drops of the ocean are dirty, the ocean does not become dirty.”
“A no uttered from the deepest conviction is better than a ‘Yes’ uttered merely to please, or worse, to avoid trouble.”
Happiness is when what you think, what you say, and what you do are in harmony.”
“Live as if you were to die tomorrow; learn as if you were to live forever.”
“Where there is love there is life.”
“An eye for eye only ends up making the whole
G = Great
A = Amazing
N = Nationalist
D = Daring
H = Honest
I = Indian
‘We should meet abuse by forbearance. Human nature is so constitute that if we take absolutely no notice of anger or abuse, the person indulging in it will soon weary of it and stop.’ – Happy Gandhi Jayanti!
‘We may never be strong enough to be entirely nonviolent in thought, word and Dee. But we must keep nonviolence as our goal and make strong progress towards it.’ – Happy Gandhi Jayanti!
‘Violent men have not been known in history to die to a man. They die up to a point.’ – Happy Gandhi Jayanti!
‘Truth stands, even if there be no public support. It is self-sustained.’ –
बस जीवन में ये याद रखना
सच और मेहनत का सदा साथ रखना
बापू तुम्हारे साथ हैं हर बच्चे के पास हैं
सच्चाई जहाँ भी है वहाँ उनका वास है
बापू के सपनो को फिर से सजाना है
देकर लहू का कतरा इस चमन को बचाना है
बहुत गा लिया हमने आज़ादी के गानों को
अब हमें भी देशभक्ति का फ़र्ज़ निभाना है
सत्य और अहिंसा के साथ
राष्ट्र के पिता ने साम्राज्यवाद से
हमारे राष्ट्र को मुक्त कर दिया ,
सत्य और ज्ञान के पथ का अनुसरण करें
गांधी जयंती पर इस महान नेता को श्रद्धांजलि अर्पित.
हर ज़ुल्म पल रहा हैं गाँधी के देश में
खोटा सिक्का भी चल रहा है गाँधी के देश में
हिन्दू हो या मुसलमान, सिख हो या ईसाई
हर शख्स जल रहा है गाँधी के देश में