Karva Chauth,Story:A Hindu Festival
Karva Chauth,Story is an one-day long festival that is traditionally celebrated by Hindu women in North India. Women fast from sunrise to moon rise to safeguard and encourage their husbands’ (and sometimes fiancés’) durability and safety. Read on to learn more about this ancient Hindu holiday.
Karva Chauth dip on the fourth day of the Hindu month of Kartik in the lunisolar calendar. Traditionally, married women and those reaching the marriageable observe the day. By fasting anxiously from sunrise and breaking the fast when the moon rises. The 1 day occation is mainly observed in Indian states like Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Punjab, Rajasthan and parts of Uttar Pradesh.
What is Karva Chauth?
Hindu women every where fast and pray from sunrise and break the fast at seeing the moon. Using a sieve, they first look at the moon, following which they look at their husband’s face before eating anything. Women pray for the longevity and safety of their husbands, fiancés or even coveted husbands.
Why is it called Karva Chauth?
‘Karva’ means earthen pots used to store wheat and ‘Chauth’ means the fourth day. Celebrated on the fourth day (chaturthi) of Krishna Paksh in the Hindu month Kartik, a few days before the occation, women buy these spherical, earthen pots, paint beautiful designs on them and put bangles and ribbons, sweets, make-up items, and small clothes inside them. They would then visit other women and exchange the karvas.
The fast starts from the dawn, where women eat “sargi” a meal prepared by her mother in law in the morning. After eating the Sargi, women stay without consuming water and food all day long until the moon rises. The mornings are usually afford in community gatherings, putting henna on hand, etc. In the evening, there is a prayer that is offered by all the women for the long life and well-being of their husbands. The fast is called off once the moon appears. The women mark the moon through a strainer and then the husband is seen through the same strainer. The husband gives water and sweets to the wife opening her fast.
Single women also observe the fast wishing for a loving and caring husband. The fast is call off when a single woman sees the first star in the sky. Celebrated major in the Northern and Central part of India, the occation celebrates the beautiful relationship between a husband and wife.
How is Karva Chauth celebrate?
In addition to the accurate fasting, women partake in pujas and prayers for their husbands’ long life and prosperity. They don’t even drink a glass of water throughout the day. After the puja, women wait for the moon to rise, which they look at through a sieve, while offering their prayers to the moon. People believe that it is consider essential for the women to cover their faces in front of the elders. So it is an act of respect to look at the moon through a colander.
Significance Of The Moon On Karva Chauth
The Moon plays a big role during Karva Chauth celebrations. It is the sighting of the Moon that allows the women to break their fast. The procedure mark is, women first see the Moon through the filter (sieve) and then see their be love or husbands. Once that is done, the ladies are bolster with sweet or milk, thus breaking the fast. Also, as per beliefs, the couple enjoys a prosperous married life that lasts for as many pores as there are in the sieve. It is believe that the ritual of looking at the husband through the colander removes all the evil effects from him.
Since the festival of Karwa Chauth(Story) is a women festival, women who are married look forward to this festival, as it redefines the love and bond between a couple.
Newly married females look forward to their first Karva Chauth, as on this day they feel extremely special.
Let’s read on to know more what Karwa Chauth will offer the new brides and what they should look forward to on Karva Chauth.
What To Do On Karwa Chauth?
A number of rituals like Karva Chauth Sargi, Karwa Chauth Katha are follow. But there are certain other rituals that are follow on the Karwa Chauth by the females throughout the country or globe.
This Karwa Chauth, when you celebrate your Karva Chauth do not forget any of these rituals.
- One of the foremost thing is to get Mehndi done on both the hands. It is a sign of a happy women. The darker the color of the Mehndi the deeper is the love between the couple, as per beliefs.
- On Karwa Chauth, it is a compulsory custom for all women to sport big Bindis. The colors prefer for this day are red or pink.
- Women dress up in heavy work sarees, Ghagra Cholis and Lehengas.
- In the evening, all the women in the neighborhood gather for the evening rituals, which includes Karwa Chauth Vrat Katha.
- During the Puja of Karwa Chauth, Thalis are exchange and special Karva Chauth songs are sung. The eldest women in the group narrates the story of Karwa Chauth.
This Karwa Chauth, we all will see females practising all these rituals with full devotion towards their beloved.
Karva Chauth is a occation in which special meals are prepared. We at AstroSage, bring you the delicacies that you should look forward to have, after a day long fast of Karwa Chauth.
How many Karvas are require during the puja of Karva Chauth?
As outlined in the Karva Chauth Vrat Vidhi, you can do all the rituals with 1 or 2 Karvas depending on whether you are doing the fast in a group or alone. However, there are many regional variations in the Karva Chauth Vrat Vidhi. And in some places women observing the fast organize as many as ten karvas individually, each filled with a different preparation from milk to a wide variety of cakes. This is, however, not a necessity and you should not feel any angst or doubt about the effectiveness of Karva Chauth just because you are using a lesser number of karvas. At the end of the day. The success of the fast is determine by the devotion with which you do it.
How do I do the Karva Chauth rituals if I am not able to buy a ‘Karva’?
In case you are unable to procure a traditional Karva made of mud, you can use a karva made out of metal. Alternatively, you can use a small pot or even a normal glass which can serve the same function. If required, you can separately obtain a cover for the pot or glass that you are using. Karva Chauth Vrat Vidhi is flexible on this front as long as you are willing to do the puja with pure booster.
What is Sargi?
Sargi or Sargahi traditionally referred to the breakfast that women marking Karva Chauth had before sunrise. It originally was the name of a kheer (rice pudding) made by the mother-in-law as a gift to her daughter-in-law. However, as the rituals of Karva Chauth have evolved over time, Sargi has come to refer to the entire set of gifts used by women on the day of Karva Chauth before sunrise.
The only restriction is that sargi should not contain any non-vegetarian items and similarly onion and garlic should not be use as additive in any of its food preparations. Consumption of the Sargi is the first step in Karva Chauth(Story) Vrat Vidhi. Having nutritious food as part of the Sargi will make it easy for you to complete the strict fast.
What is Baya or Bayna?
Towards the end of the day of Karva Chauth, fasting women typically hand over their karvas to their mother-in-law or to an older woman in their family or neighborhood. Along with the karva, gifts like cosmetics, fruits, sweets and other food preparations are also include. This entire set of items is referred to as Baya or Bayna. As part of the Karva Chauth Vrat Vidhi, Baya or Bayna can also be donated to a nearby temple instead of an older woman.
Karva Chauth Story
“A long long time ago, there lived a beautiful princess by the name of Veeravati. When she was of the marriageable age, Veeravati was married to a king. On the festival of the first Karva Chauth after her marriage, she went to her parents’ house.”
“After sunrise, she marked a strict fast. However, the queen was too delicate and could not stand the rigours of fasting. By evening, Veeravati was too weak, and faint. Now, the queen had seven brothers who loved her dearly. They could not stand the plight of their sister and decided to end her fast by deceiving her. Their made a fire at the nearby hill and asked their sister to see the glow. They assured her that it was the moonlight and since the moon had risen, she could break her fast.”
“However, the moment the foolish queen ate her dinner, she received the news that her husband, the king, was dead. The queen was heartbroken and rush to her husband’s palace. On the way, she met Lord Shiva and his consort, Goddess Parvati. Parvati informed her that the king had died because the queen had broken her fast by watching a false moon. However, when the queen asked her for forgiveness. The goddess grant her the boon that the king would be arouse but would be ill.”
“When the queen reached the palace, she found the king lying unconscious with hundreds of needles inserted in his body. Each day, the queen managed to remove one needle from the king of body. Next year, on the day of Karva Chauth, only one needle remained embedded in the body of the unconscious king.”
“The queen observed a strict fast that day and when she went to the market to buy the karva for the puja. Her maid removed the remaining needle from the king of body. The king regained consciousness, and mistook the maid for his queen. When the real queen return to the palace, she was made to serve as a maid.”
“However, Veeravati was true to her hope and religiously observed the Karva Chauth vrat . Once when the king was going to some other kingdom, he asked the real queen (now turned maid) if she wanted anything. The queen asked for a pair of identical dolls. The king obliged and the queen kept singing a song ” Roli ki Goli ho gayi… Goli ki Roli ho gayi ” (the queen has turned into a maid and the maid has turned into a queen).”
“On being ask by the king as to why did she keep repeating that song, Veeravati chronicle the entire story. The king repented and restored the queen to her royal status. It was only the queen’s devotion and her hope that won her husband’s affection and the blessings of Goddess Parvati.”
The Story of Queen Veervati
A beautiful queen called Veervati was the only sister of seven loving brothers. She spent her first Karva Chauth as a married woman at her parents’ house. She began a strict fast after sunrise but, by evening, was desperately waiting for the moonrise as she suffered severe thirst and hunger. Her seven brothers could not bear to see their sister in such distress and created a mirror in a pipal tree that made it look as though the moon had risen.
The sister mistook it for the moon and broke her fast. The moment she ate, word arrived that her husband, the king, was dead. Heart broken, she wept through the night until her shakti compelled a Goddess to appear and ask why she cried. When the queen explain her distress, the Goddess reveal how she had been trick by her brothers and instruct her to repeat the Karva Chauth fast with complete devotion. When Veervati repeat the fast, Yama was forced to restore her husband to life.
In a variant of this story, the brothers build a massive fire behind a mountain instead and trick their sister by convincing her that the glow is the moon. She breaks her fast and word arrives that her beloved husband has died. She immediately begins running to her husband’s house, which is somewhat distant, and is ambush by Shiva-Parvati. Parvati reveals the trickery to her, cuts her own little finger to give the wife a few drops of her holy blood, and instructs her to be careful in keeping the complete fast in the future. The wife sprinkles Parvati’s blood on her dead husband and, coming back to life, they are reunite.
Fasting For Karwa Chauth
My husband and I are not people you’d identify as religious, or even superstitious. We do not believe that doing puja pleases any God — though we do it sometimes because it sure does please our grandmother! Black cats have crossed my path on mornings that have led to fantastic days, and if sneezing before you leave the house is inauspicious. Then my allergy-prone husband’s whole life, each single beautiful day thus far, has apparently been inauspicious.
I am doing the annoying “we” thing in this article because Karwa Chauth is about both of us. It is suppose to be a day in which I pray for his long life by fasting until I can see the moon and his attractive face.
I also have to read the story behind Karwa Chauth, which I did this morning, and it kind of goes like this:
A woman had seven brothers who loved her and wouldn’t eat before she did. On the day of Karwa Chauth she was starving and her brothers wanted her to get on with it and get some food. She said she wouldn’t until she saw the moon. They create a fake moon and she didn’t realize it wasn’t the real deal so she saw it and decide to eat.
But moving on, she decided to hang with the corpse for a whole year, and fasted the next year, and apparently her sister in law had to slash her little finger and drop some blood into the corpse’s mouth for him to come back to life. So somehow the moral of the story is that we must fast for the long lives of our husbands.
Karva Chauth Puja Vidhi
Karva is actually a pitcher fill with water or milk and coins that is use by the women during the occation. It is later given as charity for the well-being of the family and future generations.
On this occasion, Akhanda Saubhagyavati Goddess Parvati is worshipped. Women also worship her husband Lord Shiva and their sons Ganesha and Kartikeya on this day.
A woman seeks blessings from the supreme powers to less her as she observes a nirjal vrat ( since she doesn’t even drink water) until she offers her prayers to the moon god in the evening.
“मम सुखसौभाग्य पुत्रपौत्रादि सुस्थिर श्री प्राप्तये करक चतुर्थी व्रतमहं करिष्ये।”
Meaning – Bless me as I observe this fast for the well-being of my family, wealth and prosperity.
After offering her prayers, the Karva is donate.
Then, the suhagan catches a glimpse of the moon through a sieve with a diya placed on it. Then she looks at her husband through the sieve. Her husband helps her break her fast by making her drink water and offering her sweets.