Karwa Chauth,Pooja:How to Celebrate Karva Chauth
Karwa Chauth,Pooja fasting is done during Krishna Paksha Chaturthi in the Hindu month of Kartik and according to Amanta calendar followed in Gujarat, Maharashtra and Southern India it is Ashwin month which is current during Karva Chauth. However, it is just the name of the month which vary and in all states Karva Chauth is observe on the same day.
Karva Chauth concur with Sankashti Chaturthi a fasting day observe for Lord Ganesha. The fasting of Karva Chauth and its rituals are mark by married women for the long life of their husband. Married women worship Lord Shiva and His family adding Lord Ganesha and break the fast only after sighting and making the offerings to the moon. The fasting of Karwa Chauth is strict and mark without taking any food or even a drop of water after sunrise till the sighting of the moon in the night.
Karva Chauth day of other name is Karak Chaturthi (करक चतुर्थी). Karva or Karak refers to the earthen pot through which water offering, known as Argha (अर्घ), is make to the moon. Karwa is very significant during Pooja and it is also given as Dan to the Brahmin or any acceptable woman.
Compare to South Indian states, Karva Chauth is more popular in North Indian states. After four days of Karwa Chauth, Ahoi Ashtami Vrat is mark for the wellbeing of sons.
Quick Facts : Karwa Chauth
Karva Chauth, one of many Hindu occation, is a fasting ritual mark by all married Hindu women who seek the longevity, prosperity and well-being of their husbands. This occation is very popular among married Hindu women in the western and northern parts of India, primarily in Punjab, Rajasthan, Haryana, Gujarat, and Uttar Pradesh. During the Karwa Chauth festival, married Hindu women apply the day to their husbands. Normally, women who observe this occation are call “Saubhagyavati” meaning “joyous and happy status of wifehood.” The festival was emerge also as a day for celebrating autumn. Hindu married women enjoy the company and companionship of relatives and friends. As of recently, the celebration has been given a more religious touch.
Karwa Chauth is applaud and also widely solemnize by Hindus and Sikh living in the northwestern part of India. Karva means clay pot while chauth means fourth. Karva chauth commemorates the fourth day that follows the full moon in the Kartik month of the Hindu calendar. This occation is typically celebrated immediately after the autumn harvest. This is the best time to meet friends and relatives and exchange gifts. During this festival parents send different gifts to their married daughters.
Karwa chauth for its extraordinary acknowledgment rate among married women in certain parts of India. Karva chauth is celebrate in different ways depending on the region where a person lives. During this occation, jewelry, clothes and gifts are receive from both the woman’s mother-in-law and mother. All married women wear wedding day outfits once again and apply mehndi.
There are many similar stories that are associate with karwa chauth from one part of India to another. During this particular day different items such as karwa, which is an earthen pot that has spout are actually collect and worship, is offer to the Goddess Parvati and Lord Siva. Usually the festival does not end until the moon is fully seen at night. During this occation an elderly woman is suppose to narrate a karwa chauth story before this fast is over.
Karva chauth is a most important as well as a difficult fast that all married Hindu women observe. The festival begins just before sunrise and ends after worshiping the moon and doing prayers at night. No water or food can be consume once the sun rises. The fast is only broke after seeing the moon and after all rituals of that particular day have been perform. When the moon has appeared, women break the fast after they have offered water to the moon.
A pink or red sari with a gold woven pattern is worn by many women as part their habit and is worn only in the evening. New brides will wear their wedding costumes. The karwa chauth fast sets a merry tone of fun and fun, feasting and festivity and is amongst the biggest festivals celebrate by Hindus.
First Karwa Chauth
Karva Chauth is of most importance for married Hindu women but the festival is seen as a big occasion for women undertaking their first Karva Chauth fast after marriage. A newly married woman is given utmost importance by relatives and immediate family members when she observes her first fast for the long life of her husband. She is shower with blessings of blissful married life and loads of Karva Chauth gifts especially by her mother-in-law.
Mother-in-law prepares an elaborate Sargi (the pre-dawn Karva Chauth meal) when her daughter-in-law observes her first fast. She wakes up much early to prepare a awe-inspiring and lavish meal inclusive of sweets and other delicacies for daughter-in-law. Saasu-ma blesses her bahu with an ashirvaad of ‘Sada Suhagan Raho’ which means, ‘may you always enjoy a blissful married life’ when the latter touches her feet with reverence. She also presents her daughter-in-law with gifts, which may be a piece of jewelry or a heavy saree on the first Karva Chauth.
Baya is a gift given to a daughter’s mother-in-law on the festival of Karva Chauth. It usually consists of salted mathris, dry-fruits and some gifts. This Baya is a little very special when the daughter is observing her first Karva Chauth. Mothers of newly wed daughters bring gifts for all her family members. Some utensils are also add in the baya which are to be contribute among women who join the newly-wed on her first Karva Chauth Puja.
Elaborate Puja Preparations
Elaborate preparations are made for the customary evening Karva Chauth Pooja in a family where a newly wed daughter-in-law mark her first Karva-Chauth. Married female relatives are invite to participate in the puja. The newly married woman often wears her bridal lehanga or a heavy saree and beautify herself with lot of jewelry and make up. After the Pooja ceremony she seeks blessings for happy married life from all elder women. The newly wed woman contributes mathris or utensils amongst the ladies that were a part of baya.
Gifts from Husband
Husband of the woman who mark her first Karva Chauth feel proud and great to see her better half observing such a rigorous fast for him. He gets overwhelm with love and respect for her wife and pampers her with loads of Karva Chauth gifts. These days husbands also takes her wife out for a dinner to save her from the drudgery of day’s cooking work.
Tradition of Fast
Karva Chauth song sung by women while exchanging thalis.
In Hindu Dharam, the goal of life is Self-realization or the attainment of God and fasting has been a much sought after path to attain this. All Hindu fast have a very deep spiritual and religious significance. According to Hindu scriptures, fasting helps create an attachment with the God by establishing a amicable relationship between the body and the soul. This is thought to be compulsory for the well being of a human being as it nourishes both his/her physical and spiritual demands.
Karwa Chauth Fast
Karwa Chauth’ is a ritual of fasting observed by married Hindu women seeking the longlife, well-being and boom of their husbands. Married women keep a strict fast and do not take even a drop of water. It is the most important and difficult fast observe by married Hindu women. It begins before sunrise and ends only after offering prayers and worshiping the moon at night. No food or water can be take after sunrise. The fast is broke once the moon is sight and rituals of the day have been perform. At night when the moon appears, women break their fast after offering water to the moon.
Importance Of Fasting
Hindus believe it is not easy to consistently pursue the path of spirituality in one’s daily life. Therefore a worshiper must strive to impose restrains on to get the mind focus. And one form of restraint is fasting. However, fasting is not only a part of worship, but a great instrument for self-discipline too.It is a training of the mind and the body to endure and harden up against all hardships, to persevere under difficulties and not give up.
The ancient Indian medical system of Ayurveda sees the basic cause of many diseases as the accretion of toxic materials in the digestive system. Regular cleansing of toxic materials keeps one healthy. By fasting, the digestive organs get rest and all body mechanisms are cleans and correct. A complete fast is good for heath, and the occasional intake of hot lemon juice during the period of fasting prevents the flatulence.
Karwa Chauth Puja Process
The fast of Karwa Chauth is pop up 9 days before Diwali. It falls on the fourth day of the Kartik month by the Hindu calendar (fourth day of the waning moon or the dark fortnight).
Karwa Chauth is considered one of the most important Fasts observed by the married Hindu women. On this day the women pray for the welfare and long life of their husbands. The festival is follow mainly in the northern parts of the country.
Married women eat food early in the morning, before sunrise. They are not suppose to eat or even drink water during the day. In the evening the ladies listen to the Karwa Chauth Katha (the legend). The fast is over after the moonrise.
The Puja Process
The Pooja preparations start a day in advance. Married women buy the shringar or the traditional adornments and the other Pooja items like the karwa, matthi, Heena etc.
Early in the morning they prepare food and have it before sunrise. The morning passes by in other festive activities like decorating hand and feet with Heena, decorating the Pooja thali and meeting friends and relatives.
In the late afternoon women gather at a common place like temple or a garden or someones’ place who has arranged the Pooja. An elderly lady or the pujarin narrates the legend of Karwa Chouth.
The essentials of this gathering and listening of the Karwa chauth story , a special mud pot, that is consider a symbol of lord Ganesha, a metal urn fill with water, flowers, idols of Ambika Gaur Mata, Goddess Parwati and some fruits, mathi and food grains. A part of this is offer to the deities and the storyteller.
Earlier an idol of Gaur Mata was made using earth and cowdung. Now just an idol of Goddess Parwati is kept. Every one lights an earthen lamp in their thalis while listening to the Karwa story. Sindoor, incense sticks and rice are also keep in the thali.
At this time the women wear heavy saris or chunries in red , pink or other bridal colors, and adorn themselves with all other symbols of a married women like, nose pin, tika, bindi, chonp, bangles, earrings etc.
Once the moon rises, the women see its reflection in a thali of water, or through a dupatta or a sieve. They offer water to the moon and seek blessings. They pray for the safety, prosperity and long life of their husbands. This marks the end of the day long fast.
Karwa Chauth Items
Karwa Chauth vrat is an ancient Indian tradition, which is still follow with full warmth and admiration by almost all married Indian women. Indeed, every women want to pray for the happiness and long life of her husband. Food items, beauty essential or makeup items, clothing items, and Pooja items constitute the significant items that are require for Karwa Chauth festival by the woman performing the Karwa Chauth Fast (vrat). The afforestation items are list below:
Karwa Chauth Food Items
Sargi, which includes pheni (a sweet made by using milk and semolina), parantha, and various types of fruits and sweets.
Ten matthis with an equal number of puas (a sweet made of jaggery)
Karwa Chauth Beauty Essential (Sringar) Pooja Items
Henna Mehndi for applying on palms and feet.
Fashionable and multicolored glass bangles.
Makeup items like bindi, kumkum or sindoor, lipstick, rouge, kajal, eye-liner, mascara, and so.
Beautiful and traditional jewelry items like mangalsutra, maangtika, rings, necklace, bangles, ear-rings, anklets (payal), toe-rings, nose-ring, etc.
Karwa Chauth Cloth Items
Baya or Bayana that includes gifts for the mother-in-law, which is ideally a sari.
A set of new clothes, which is usually a bridal-sari (suhag joda) for the lady performing the vrat.
Karwa Chauth Pooja Items
A stable platform for performing the puja
Cow-dung to make the image of the goddess Gora or Parwati
Karwa Chauth story book
Matthi for bhog
Sindur or kumkum
A strand of red thread (called kalawa)
Karwa (a clay vessel containing water)
A plate for keeping puja samagri
Money for chadawa
Other miscellaneous puja items
Karwa Chauth Celebrations
The day of Karva Chauth is celebrate mostly amongst the entire North Indian community settle either in India and other parts of the world. The most important aspect of this day is that a dawning to dusk fast is undertaken by the North Indian ladies and seeing the moon they finally break the fast. The Karva Chauth(Pooja) fast is unique perhaps because nowhere in the world does a wife go without food or water just to pray for the longevity and well-being of her husband.
In modern day, with all the trappings of commercialization attached, Karva Chauth, the big fasting day has turned into a full-fledged event. But joining the bandwagon in recent times are the beauty parlour owners, the event managers and the restaurant owners.
Karva Chauth(Pooja) special eateries are gearing up for now. Cashing in on the popularity of ‘eating out’ most restaurants have special menus for this special day. No wonder almost every happening-eating joint around town is offering plenty of attractive options to choose from. Various clubs organize special events on this festive day with various stalls, bumper Tambola and even a dance competition. With so much feasting and fun added to it, fasting had never been so good before.
Karwa Chauth Quotes in English
“Day Seems Long and Moon Doesn’T Show, Thirsty Hungry, yet on the Go Salute Indian Women for Their Sacrifice and Love an Incarnation of Goddesses from Heaven above Happy Karwa chauth.”
“May the Sindoor, testify your prayers for your husband’s long life, The Mangal Sutra reminds you of the promises that binds you,And the color of Mehndi prove the depth of your love.”
“On This Karwa Chauth, Sending My Heartfelt Wishes You Way. May all your prayers for your husband’s well being, be answer today and always.”
“God Will Bless You for a Happy And Long Life In Our Companion. The Sindoor Decorates The Forehead Of A Woman. I Love You Dear and Will Always. Protect You In My Warm Arms.”
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